11 chapter 2: literature review in the two decades since hiv/aids was first identified, the body of research into the disease has been steadily growing. Strong inverse relationship between vulnerability to diseases such as hiv, malaria and others, and level of education (vandemoortele and delamonica, 2000. Nigeria malaria fact sheet united states embassy in nigeria malaria worldwide malaria affects 33 billion people, or half of the world’s population, in106 countries and malaria in nigeria malaria is a major public health problem in deaths than any other country in the world. The literature review is organized into the following sections: section 2, methods – lists the specific databases and information sources accessed and investigated as part of the literature review.
Besides, reports of malaria-related knowledge, attitudes and practices of members of a whole nigerian community are scanty in literature compared to those regarding only a certain category of people in such communities   . Malaria in nigeria malaria is a major public health problem in deaths than any other country in the world malaria is a risk for 97% of nigeria’s population the remaining 3% of the population live in the malaria free highlands with over 300,000 deaths per year in nigeria this compares with 215,000 deaths per year in nigeria from hiv/aids. Literature review to inform the aflatoxin country assessments: tanzania and nigeria may 29, 2012 malaria and hiv/aids may also be affected by aflatoxin levels, though to date the evidence is inconclusive level of review in nigeria, and will require input from the nigeria agency for food and drug.
A literature review was undertaken on published literature using electronic data bases (bids, medline, pubmed) and the following key words: malaria and malaria incidence plus: equity, socio-economic status, poverty, poor, income, wealth, burden, treatment seeking the review was limited to articles published after 1990, in english. Accessed and investigated as part of the literature review it also lists the key terms and concepts used in the literature search section 3, findings – presents the most relevant findings and studies resulting from the literature review around the topic of scaling up hrh toward delivery of hiv/aids services. This paper studies the economic burden of malaria in nigeria today, malaria is the most common cause of deaths in nigeria, accounting for 20% of the total death rate, the most cause of school absenteeism and decreased labour productivity. The advent of the riboflavin-uv light parasite reduction system has the potential to eradicate blood transfusion malaria acknowledgments i wish to express my profound and sincere gratitude to professor g o ogunrinde and professor aisha i mamman for their time, guidance, and mentoring while writing this literature review. Request pdf on researchgate | potential antimalarials from nigerian plants: a review | malaria, caused by parasites of the genus plasmodium, is one of the leading infectious diseases in many tropical regions, including nigeria, a west african country where transmission occurs all year round.
In nigeria, there is paucity of information on studies on the malaria management of the poor however various antimalarias abound, both local and scientific preparations are used by people the introduction of insecticide treated nets (itn) and the possibility of using vaccines helps a lot (hira, 1987. Document and review critically the evidence available on two key issues: malaria incidence or vulnerability to the effects of malaria by socio-economic status (ses) and the utilisation, effectiveness and accessibility of malaria control interventions by ses the burden of malaria is greatest among the world’s poorest countries. Plasmodium falciparum, p ovale, p vivax and p malaria, have their respective morphology, biological and clinical characteristics the p ovale, p vivax and p malaria are classified as relapsing malaria because they have a secondary or persisting stage of their life cycle (perin et al 1984. This article reviews the epidemiology, pathology, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of malaria in pregnant women interventions to prevent malaria include intermittent preventive treatment, insecticide-treated nets, and case management of malaria infection and anemia.
Malaria accounts for 60% of outpatient visits and 30% of hospitalizations among children under five years of age in nigeria malaria has the greatest prevalence, close to 50%, in children age 6-59 months in the south west, north central, and north west regions malaria has the least prevalence, 276 percent, in children age 6 to 59 months in the south east region. Monetary loss due to malaria in nigeria is estimated to be about 132 billion naira in terms of treatment cost, prevention and loss of man-hours (fmoh, 2007) in order to retrain malaria epidemic nigeria government and the first section is the introduction and section two entails literature review section. The literature of endogenous growth theory has stimulated economists’ interest in the empirical evidence available from cross-country comparisons, bearing on the main-level relationship between human capital formation and the growth rate of real output.
Download citation on researchgate | malaria in pregnancy: a literature review | pregnant women are more likely than nonpregnant women to become infected with malaria and to have severe infection. Methods a review of the literature on the subject was done utilizing google search, medline, pubmed and other available literature the keywords were malaria and hiv interactions and nigeria results malaria and hiv constitute major public health threats responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in the country.