Modern political debates, from the 18th century up until today, are full of appeals to the ideas of individualism and collectivism, whether open or merely implied people speak of the common good or public goods or obligations to society on one hand, and of individual rights or individual freedom on the other the late novelist. Hofstede: individualism / collectivism this dimension focuses on the relationship between the individual and larger social groups as mentioned earlier, cultures vary on the amount of emphasis they give on encouraging individuality / uniqueness or on conformity and interdependence.
The difference between collectivism and individualism is in what each ideology considers as important: the individual or the group if communism , socialism, capitalism , liberalism, conservatism , maoism , nazism , etc were not enough to confuse people as different political ideologies, we now have to confront with collectivism and individualism.
Collectivism vs individualism the difference between collectivism and individualism is in what each ideology considers as important: the individual or the group if communism , socialism, capitalism , liberalism, conservatism , maoism , nazism , etc were not enough to confuse people as different political ideologies, we now have to confront with collectivism and individualism. Collectivism is the second way, and it views the group as the primary entity, with the individuals lost along the way objectivism supports individualism in this sense in a different sense, individualism is meant to be whether the individual is different from everyone else, or whether he makes up his own mind about things, or what-not.
Individualism is often contrasted either with totalitarianism or with collectivism, but in fact, there is a spectrum of behaviors at the societal level ranging from highly individualistic societies through mixed societies to collectivist. Individualism and collectivism are terms used by both social scientists and the public, but there are few systematic studies of this dimension a sample of psychologists and anthropologists from all parts of the world was asked to respond to a questionnaire the way they believe an individualist and a collectivist would respond.
Collectivism and individualism in chinese culture edit in chinese society, collectivism has a long tradition based on confucianism, where being a 'community man' (qúntǐ de fènzǐ) (群体的分子) or someone with a 'social personality' (shèhuì de réngé) (社会的人格) is valued additionally, there is the (shìgu) (世故) personality type, who is worldly and committed to family. Interestingly, the individualism-collectivism cleavage is considered the single most fruitful dimension in cross-cultural psychology (heine, 2008, 2010, oyserman et al 2002) in this paper, we present our findings on individualism, culture, innovation and growth. Individualism is the one side versus its opposite, collectivism, that is the degree to which individuals are integrated into groups on the individualist side we find societies in which the ties between individuals are loose: everyone is expected to look after him/herself and his/her immediate family.
Individualism is the proper approach to this problem moral judgments are made by moral agents the person making the decision gets credit or blame for it values are agent-relative, and the person makes his choices by seeing how the value impacts his life it is the individual that ethics is concerned with, and collectivism just obscures this point.
Metaphysics, individualism, and collectivism when we look out at the world and see people, we see separate, distinct individuals the individuals may be in groups (say, on a soccer team or in a business venture), but the indivisible beings we see are individual people. For judgments of value about collectivism and individualism, see individualism and collectivismthis article regards how 'collectivist' and 'individualist' are used descriptively in anthropology and the cultural psychology.